Prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia intestinalisin household dogs and catsfrom Shiraz, Southwestern Iran
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Keywords

Cryptosporidium
G. intestinalis
Dogs
Cats
Genotyping
Beta-giardin
SSU rRNA

How to Cite

Homayouni, M. M., Razavi, S. M., shaddel, M., & Asadpour, M. (2020). Prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia intestinalisin household dogs and catsfrom Shiraz, Southwestern Iran. Veterinaria Italiana, 55(4), 311-318. https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.1710.9049.3

Abstract

In the present study, a total of 615 fecal samples from veterinary clinics were screened by microscopy for the presence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia oocysts. Molecular genotyping of Cryptosporidium and Giardia were carried out using PCR and sequence analysis. Overall, Cryptosporidium and Giardia oocysts were detected in the 0.6% (2/315) and 1.9% (6/315) of dogs and in the 0.7% (2/300) and 1.3% (4/300) of cats, respectively. Sequencing revealed the presence of C. canis (n = 2) in dogs and C. felis (n = 2) in cats. Moreover, G. intestinalisassemblage D (n = 2), C (n = 3) and A, sub-assemblage AII (n = 1) were identified in dogs; G. intestinalis assemblage F (n = 3) and assemblage A, sub-assemblage AI (n = 1) were identified in cats. The highest prevalence of Giardia was observed in dogs younger than one year (6/315), and in those with diarrhea (p < 0.05). Data of the study suggest that dogs and cats play a minor role in the zoonotic transmission of cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis in Southwestern Iran.
https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.1710.9049.3
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