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Characterization of Salmonella Typhimurium and monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium isolated in Abruzzo and Molise regions, Italy, from 2012 to 2017
VetIt.2060.12083.1

Keywords

S. Typhimurium
Monophasic S. Typhimurium
Antimicrobial resistance
MLVA

How to Cite

Sacchini, L., Ricci, L., Zilli, K., Romantini, R., Di Donato, G., Neri, D., Persiani, T., & Di Giannatale, E. (2021). Characterization of Salmonella Typhimurium and monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium isolated in Abruzzo and Molise regions, Italy, from 2012 to 2017. Veterinaria Italiana, 57(4), 297–304. https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.2060.12083.1

Abstract

Salmonellosis is currently the second most common zoonosis in European Union but in the 6-years periods, between 2012 and 2017, there has been a significant decrease trend in the yearly number of infections caused by Salmonella. In Italy, S. Typhimurium and monophasic S. Typhimurium represent the most prevalent serotypes. In this paper, we investigated these two serovars isolated from 2012 to 2017 in Abruzzo and Molise regions. A set of 345 strains isolated from human sporadic cases, surface water, food and animals were collected and analyzed. Monophasic S. Typhimurium strains were found to be resistant to streptomycin, sulfisoxazole, ampicillin, tetracycline and nalidixic acid, while S. Typhimurium isolates showed high levels of resistance to tetracycline, sulfisoxazole and ampicillin. The 5-loci Multilocus Variable-Number Tandem Repeat Analysis (MLVA) identified 88 genotypes (GT), six of which were common for the two serovars. Several MLVA profiles were shared by human and non-human isolates. MLVA had sufficient typing resolution for epidemiological studies of S. Typhimurium but demonstrated poor discriminatory in trace-back study of monophasic S. Typhimurium.
https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.2060.12083.1
VetIt.2060.12083.1

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