Canine brucellosis due to Brucella canis: description of the disease and control measures


Brucella canis

How to Cite

De Massis, F., Sacchini, F., Petrini, A., Bellucci, F., Perilli, M., Garofolo, G., Savini, G., & Tittarelli, M. (2022). Canine brucellosis due to Brucella canis: description of the disease and control measures. Veterinaria Italiana, 58(1), 5–23. https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.2561.16874.1


Brucellosis is a contagious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella, which can affect different animal species. Dogs may occasionally be infected with B. abortus, B. melitensis or B. suis, or by the endemic form of the disease, caused by B. canis. Among the brucellosis‑affecting domestic animals, that of the dog is certainly the least frequent, but also the least studied. Canine brucellosis due to B. canis represents the dog‑specific brucellosis, both because it is the main susceptible animal species, and because it constitutes its fundamental reservoir of infection. The disease can also affect humans, although its course does not assume the characteristics of severity typical of the infection determined by the ‘classical’ species of the genus Brucella. In Italy, there are frequent imports of dogs from countries where the disease is present, often with non‑controlled movements and without sanitary controls. Considering that the zoonotic potential of the disease can be favored by the close cohabitation between man and dog, which occurs especially in urban environments, canine brucellosis has to be regarded as a public health problem susceptible to introduction and spread in the Italian territory.


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Copyright (c) 2020 Fabrizio De Massis, Flavio Sacchini, Antonio Petrini, Fabio Bellucci, Margherita Perilli, Giuliano Garofolo, Giovanni Savini, Manuela Tittarelli