Phlebovirus detection on phlebotomine sandflies in Lampedusa Island (Italy)


Toscana Virus

How to Cite

Reale, S., Anzà, D., Bruno, F., Scibetta, S., Oliveri, E., Vitale, F., & Castelli, G. (2023). Phlebovirus detection on phlebotomine sandflies in Lampedusa Island (Italy). Veterinaria Italiana, 59(2). https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.2711.17825.2


Phleboviruses are common human pathogens diffused on the Mediterranean area whose infection can cause the typical prodromal symptom of a mild three‑days fever. In particular, Toscana Virus (TOSV) has a great concern since its capacity to provoke central nervous system disorders like meningoencephalitis. Furthermore, as the phlebotomine arthropod vectors represent the main carrier for pathogens of the genus Leishmania as well, the purpose of the study was to investigate the presence of TOSV in Lampedusa, Italy previously reported for leishmaniosis infection cases. The survey was carried out through an initial sampling phase of sand flies, by means of CDC light traps, and a second step of molecular analyses. The genomic S‑segment of TOSV was targeted. The positive samples were sequenced and compared with those available in GenBank™ using Basic Local Alignments Tool (BLAST) analyses. The study revealed for the first time the presence of TOSV in Lampedusa, Italy. The entomological studies directed on vectors are currently widely used in sand fly surveillance, and new data on TOSV are of public health concern.



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Copyright (c) 2024 Stefano Reale, Davide Anzà, Federica Bruno, Silvia Scibetta, Eugenia Oliveri, Fabrizio Vitale, Germano Castelli